Socceroos skipper Mile Jedinak has been charged with violent conduct by England's FA for his elbow on West Ham United's Diafra Sakho on the weekend.
Crystal Palace captain Jedinak connected with the Hammers striker in the face after the pair challenged for a header near the end of the Eagles' 3-1 victory at Upton Park.
While referee Mike Dean missed the incident and took no action, video evidence has allowed the FA to take retrospective action against the hard-tackling midfielder.
Punishment for such an offence normally carries a three-game ban but Jedinak could be suspended for four matches as he has already been sent off this season.
An FA statement read: "Off the ball incidents in Premier League matches which are not seen at the time by the match officials are referred to a panel of three former elite referees.
“Each panel member will review the video footage independently of one another to determine whether they consider it a sending-off offence.
“For retrospective action to be taken, the decision by the panel must be unanimous.”
Speaking after the match, which saw an emotional tribute to young Australian striker Dylan Tombidis who died last year after a battle with cancer, Palace manager Alan Pardew felt Jedinak should escape punishment.
"I saw it immediately after the game because it was highlighted to me by the press," Pardew said.
"I have seen worse incidents where nothing has happened so I will be surprised if something happens with this."
The 30-year-old has until Wednesday morning (AEDT) to respond to the charge.